The CSET Agriculture test has three subtests. The first part has 25 questions about plant and soil science, and 15 questions about ornamental horticulture. The second part has 25 questions about animal science, and 15 questions about environmental science and natural resource management. The third part has 20 questions on agricultural business and economics, and 20 questions on agriculture systems technology.
On the plant and soil science section of the CSET Agriculture test, candidates have to show knowledge of soil biology and treatments, knowledge of the types of soil and their various characteristics, and the best soil for various types of crops. The candidate must understand plant nutrition, fertilizer, and pest management. The test also covers plant genetics, propagation, and crop management. The section on ornamental horticulture covers such topics as greenhouse management, landscape design, and floral design.
The CSET Agriculture test subtest dealing with animal science covers anatomy and physiology of livestock; management and veterinary practices, including knowledge of products gotten from livestock, diseases and their treatment, nutrition appropriate to various types of livestock and how age of the animal, season of the year, and other factors can impact nutrition requirements. The candidate further needs to demonstrate knowledge of animal genetics and reproduction, and the various environmental impacts of livestock on the environment, and of the environment on livestock.
The natural resources management section tests on knowledge of ecological principles and how energy, water, and nutrient cycles interact. The candidate must show an understanding of the effects of over fertilizing, and minimizing negative effects. The person taking the test has to show understanding of the major forests in the United States, and an understanding of forest management. Additionally, the person should demonstrate an ability to use the tools of forest management including compass, GPS, surveying equipment, and tools to measure trees.
The final CSET Agriculture exam subtest covers agricultural economics, including basic economic principles such as supply and demand, and equilibrium. There is a section on agricultural marketing and trade that deals with identifying target markets, customer relations, and governmental factors, and international trade. The candidate must also demonstrate knowledge of business management, record keeping, and accounting. Additionally, the person must understand planning and construction of agricultural buildings, and the maintenance of these buildings and the equipment used. Finally, the CSET Agriculture exam covers techniques for land measurement and surveying, as well as design and implementation of irrigation and fertilizer systems.
CSET Agriculture Test Practice Questions
1. Which of the following groups includes fundamental elements of floral design?
A) Balance, scale, proportion, rhythm
B) Rhythm, rhyme, cost, efficiency
C) Emotion, feeling, occasion, color
D) Form, line, texture, space
2. There is a theory of heredity which states that traits are discrete items organized according to mathematical rules. These traits are in actuality the genes that are collected on the chromosome. This system is called:
A) Physical genetics
B) Mendelian genetics
C) Monohybrid Cross
D) Dihybrid Cross
3. Which of the following factors has an influence on the nutritional needs of livestock?
A) Cost of feed
B) Number of animals being fed
C) Elimination of flies
D) Ability to walk while grazing
4. Which of the following defines monoculture?
A) planting only one crop in a certain area
B) planning only one crop in a small area
C) planting that preserves the long-term fertility of the land
D) planting without utilizing synthetic pesticides
5. Which one of the following types of plants could be propagated by division?
CSET Agriculture Test Answers
1. Answer: D
The fundamental elements of floral design include form, line, texture, space and color. Answer choice A lists fundamental principles of floral design. Principles and elements serve different purposes. Answer choices B and C are incorrect.
2. Answer: B
Mendelian genetics, or Mendelism, comes from Gregor Mendel’s original work. Answer A is too general of a term. Answer B (Monohybrid Cross) is one of the principles in Mendelian inheritance for both plants and animals having to do with two parents that are different in just one gene. Answer D (Dihybrid Cross) is one of the principles in Mendelian inheritance having to do with principles of inheritance of two pairs of traits.
3. Answer: D
Walking while grazing requires an animal to use more energy. The amount of land available for the animal to walk depends on the land that is available for the particular animal. The amount of food needed should be based on what the animal needs in the particular environment, including how much energy is used while grazing. The pasture quality is also a factor, as is the type of supplements that the animal will receive. Answer choice C (elimination of flies) may cause livestock to bunch together in an effort to have fewer flies to deal with, but it does not influence nutritional needs. This is different from changing direction or location because of the weather (such as too hot or too windy). Weather does have an influence on the nutritional needs of animals, since it affects the amount of energy expended.
4. Answer: A
Monoculture is planting just a single crop in a given area (which could be large or small). Examples include corn, wheat, or a lawn of grass. Answer choice C, planting that preserves the long-term fertility of the land, describes sustainable agriculture. Answer choice D, planting without utilizing synthetic pesticides, describes organic agriculture.
5. Answer: B
The Dahlia is a type of tuber. It would do well with propagation by division. Propagation by division is simply digging up the parent plant and dividing it into more plants. Plants that spread easily underground, such as ones with stems that run horizontally on the surface of the dirt (stolons), bulbs, plants with root crowns, or plants with swollen underground stems (tubers), do well with this process. Answers A, B, and C are propagated with seeds.